11.8.2017

Nearly all Finnish teachers fully qualified

The proportion of fully qualified teachers in Finland has always been very high. The latest data collection in 2016 shows that the situation has further improved.

Nearly all principals were fully qualified for their positions. The proportion of qualified teachers was 95 per cent on average. In general, the qualification situation is better in schools where the language of instruction is Finnish than in schools with Swedish as the language of instruction.

95 per cent of basic education teachers fully qualified

In basic education (ISCED 1-2), the proportion of qualified teachers was 95 per cent compared to 90 per cent in the previous data collection in 2013. In schools where the language of instruction was Finnish, 97 per cent of full-time teachers were fully qualified compared to 92 per cent in 2013. In schools where the language of instruction was Swedish, the proportion was 90 per cent compared to 83 per cent in 2013.

The qualification rate of part-time teachers has traditionally been rather low. In 2016, a remarkable change was seen. The proportion of qualified part-time teachers in schools with Finnish as the language of instruction rose from 38 to 63 per cent. In schools with Swedish as the language of instruction, the change was even more dramatic, the proportion of qualified part-time teachers grew from 16 to 46 per cent. This development is most likely related to the long-term economic downturn and subsequent cuts in the education budgets.

The principals’ qualification rate was 99 per cent in both Finnish and Swedish-language schools. The improvement was three percentage points compared to 2013.

Table: Proportion of qualified teaching personnel in basic education in 2013 and 2016.

Further improvement in qualification rates also in general and vocational upper secondary education

In general and vocational upper secondary education (ISCED 3), the situation has also improved.

In general upper secondary education, 99 per cent of the full-time teachers were qualified in 2016, three percentage points higher than in 2013. In vocational education and training, the improvement was marked: the corresponding figures were 92 and 81 per cent.

The proportion of qualified part-time teachers has grown substantially also in upper secondary education and training. In general upper secondary education the proportion of qualified teachers increased from 53 to 76 per cent. In vocational upper secondary education and training, the increase was even steeper, from 48 to 61 per cent.

In 2016, all principals in general upper secondary education were qualified for their posts compared to 97 per cent in 2013. In vocational education and training, the proportion of qualified principals and directors in 2013 and 2016 was 98 and 100 per cent respectively.

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The proportion of fully qualified teachers in Finland has always been very high. The latest data collection in 2016 shows that the situation has further improved. Nearly all principals were fully qualified for their positions. The proportion of qualified teachers was 95 per cent on average. In general, the qualification situation is better in schools where the language of instruction is Finnish than in schools with Swedish as the language of instruction.