1.2.2018

Statistics of the month: Age structure and educational level of the population

In 2016, 71.4 per cent of the Finnish population aged 15 or over had a post-comprehensive qualification. Vocational upper secondary qualifications constituted the largest number of qualifications.

Age structure of the population

According to the latest population projection, Finland's population will grow by about 265,000 people by 2030 when compared to 2016. The age structure of the population is predicted to change with the proportion of older people growing in relation to younger age bands. The number of people aged over 64 is predicted to grow by more than 320,000 from the current figure. Within the same period, the number of children starting comprehensive school is predicted to fall by 5 per cent (3,000 children).

Population in 2016 and projections for 2020, 2025 and 2030

Population in 2016 and projections for 2020, 2025 and 2030

Educational level of the population

In 2016, 71.4 per cent (3.3 million) of the Finnish population aged 15 or over had a post-comprehensive qualification. Vocational upper secondary qualifications constituted the largest number of qualifications. For one in three Finns, the highest completed qualification was a vocational upper secondary qualification.

Just under 10 per cent of Finns aged 15 or over had a Master's degree from a university. About 35,000 people, equivalent to one per cent of the population, had a doctorate.

Post-comprehensive qualifications by highest qualification in 2016

In 2016, just under 29 per cent of the population aged 15 or over did not have a post-comprehensive qualification. In 2007, the corresponding proportion was 35.2 per cent. The proportion of people with basic education only has decreased by about six percentage points in just under ten years.

Number of people with no post-comprehensive qualification by age group in 2007 and 2016

In the older population, the number and proportion of people with no qualification is high in the age groups. In 2016, about 18 per cent of the population aged between 50 and 64 did not have a post-comprehensive qualification; the proportion has decreased by about 9 percentage points when compared with the situation at the beginning of this decade. One in two people aged over 65 did not have a post-comprehensive qualification in 2016. There has been no significant change in younger age groups over the past few years – about 15 per cent of people aged between 20 and 49 have not had a post-comprehensive qualification.

In 2016, 71.4 per cent of the Finnish population aged 15 or over had a post-comprehensive qualification. Vocational upper secondary qualifications constituted the largest number of qualifications.