Vocational upper secondary education

The Government decides on the general goals of vocational education and training, the structure of qualifications, and the core subjects. The Ministry of Education and Culture decides on the studies and their scope.

The qualification requirement system of vocational education and training consists of the national qualification requirement, each education provider's locally approved curricula and the students' personal study plans.

The Finnish National Board of Education decides on the national qualification requirement for each vocational qualification, determining the composition of studies and objectives, core contents and assessment criteria for study modules. It also includes provisions on student assessment, student counselling, on-the-job learning, special education and training, educational arrangements for immigrants and apprenticeship training. The content of local curricula is defined in the national qualification requirement as well.

National qualification requirements are drawn up in co-operation with employers' organisations, trade unions, the Trade Union of Education and student unions. National Education and Training Committees, local tripartite bodies as well as other representatives of working life take part in the curriculum work as advisers and consultants.

The Finnish National Board of Education has had most of the National Qualification Requirements for Vocational Education and Training translated into English. You can find the translations below.

Common vocational units in English

The National Requirements for Vocational Qualifications were revised in 2014. The Vocational Qualification in Hairdressing (2014) has been translated into English and includes also translations for the new Common vocational units and Free-choice units, which were introduced in the reviewed National Qualification Requirements.


Humanities and Education

Natural Resources and the Environment

Natural Sciences

Social Sciences, Business and Administration

Social Services, Health and Sport

Technology, Communication and Transport

Tourism, Catering and Domestic Services