The providers of general upper secondary education should monitor the situation of those who have arrived here and anticipate opportunities to provide education. It is important that young people arriving in Finland are offered the opportunity to attend school as quickly as possible. The everyday life of the school, with its routines and interactions, brings coherence to their life and strengthens their sense of safety. Given the uncertainty and unpredictability caused by the war, flexibility must be prioritised in the teaching arrangements.
The studies of students in general upper secondary education who are receiving temporary protection are financed within the system for funding education and cultural services. The Ministry of Education and Culture funds general upper secondary education as part of the system for funding education and cultural services. The funding is granted to the education provider, who makes more detailed decisions on how it will be used to organise education and training.
A Ukrainian who has fled the Russian invasion can study in Finland without restrictions. A place in general upper secondary education can be applied for freely, and persons who are granted temporary protection can apply to general upper secondary education under the same conditions as Finnish citizens. The decision to admit a student to an educational institution is made by the education provider after assessing the applicant's capabilities for completing general upper secondary education. There are also no restrictions to applying for a place in preparatory education for programmes leading to an upper secondary qualification (TUVA) that started on 1 August 2022.
Compulsory education applies to persons aged under 18 who live in Finland permanently. A person is considered to be living in Finland permanently if they have a municipality of residence in Finland as defined in the Municipality of Residence Act. As a rule, a municipality of residence is not determined for a person receiving a residence permit based on temporary protection, but a person who has arrived from Ukraine may get a municipality of residence on other grounds.
Compulsory education does not apply to children of compulsory education age arriving from Ukraine if they do not have a municipality of residence in Finland and, consequently, are not permanently resident in this country. This means that they do not have a right to the free materials, devices and benefits to which children of compulsory education age are entitled. Should it wish, the education provider may offer a student free learning materials and devices (such as a computer) to support their studies.
An exception to the right to freely apply for a study place is preparatory education for general upper secondary studies (LUVA), which is organised for immigrants and persons whose mother tongue is a foreign language. Separate provisions have been laid down on the preconditions for being admitted to this education. In August, the LUVA education merged with a new preparatory education for programmes leading to an upper secondary qualification (TUVA), which has no similar special conditions for admission.
A part of general upper secondary education can also be provided in languages other than Finnish or Swedish. Instead of completing the general upper secondary syllabus, it is also possible to study individual subjects i.e. to complete subject studies. Content and language integrated learning is an option that can also be taken advantage of in completing subject studies in general upper secondary education.