Primary and lower secondary education
Primary and lower secondary education lasts for 9 years and it is for all youngsters between 7 and 15 years. Pre-primary education starts one year before basic education at the age of 6. Primary and lower secondary education is provided in a single structure system. It includes grades 1-9.
Municipalities are responsible for arranging education for all 6 – 18 years old living in a municipality.
Pre-primary and primary and lower secondary education are free for pupils. Pupils get also free learning materials, daily school meal, health and welfare services and transport from home to school if the way to school is long or dangerous.
Every pupil is allocated a place in a nearby school, but they can also choose another school with some restrictions.
All schools follow a national core curriculum, which includes objectives and core contents of different subjects. The education providers - most often municipalities as the local education authorities - and the schools themselves draw up their own curricula within the framework of the national core curriculum.
Basics on primary and lower secondary education
National core curriculum for primary and lower secondary (basic education)
The national core curriculum provides a uniform foundation for local curricula. The purpose of the curriculum is to enable a reform of school culture and school pedagogy which will improve the quality of the learning process and enhance learning outcomes. Find our more about the key principles in the national core curriculum.
Distribution of lesson hours
The overall distribution of lesson hours for basic education and the minimum number of lessons for core subjects during basic education are decided by the Government.
Interesting aspects and current affairs of Finnish education
School meals in Finlandwww.oph.fi
In Finland, each child and young person attending pre-primary, primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education can enjoy a free school meal. Nearly 850,000 pupils and students are entitled to free school lunch.
Move! - monitoring system for physical functional capacitywww.oph.fi
Move! is a national physical functional capacity monitoring and feedback system for Finnish 5th and 8th grade pupils. The main purpose of the system is to encourage pupils to independently take care of their physical functional capacity.
The National Literacy Strategy 2030www.oph.fi
The National Literacy Strategy 2030 describes the measures that should be taken in Finland to strengthen multiliteracy.