Every pupil is entitled to guidance during school days. Guidance and counselling promote
- the successful completion of schoolwork
- the progress of the studies
- the productivity and effectiveness of education.
A key task of guidance and counselling is to support students’ growth and development in a way that enables them to promote their social maturity and capacity to study and to develop knowledge and skills required in life planning.
Furthermore, guidance and counselling connect the school to society and the working life. Guidance and counselling promote fairness, equity, equality and participation, and prevent exclusion from education and working life.
Guidance and counselling in different grades
The National core curriculum for basic education defines the guidance objectives for grades 1-2, 3-6 and 7-9.
- Guidance is implemented as an integral part of the school’s other activities.
- The class teacher is responsible for the guidance in cooperation with other teachers.
- Guidance and counselling promote the development of pupils' study capabilities and skills and supports pupils in gradually assuming more responsibility for their schoolwork, assignments and personal belongings.
- Guidance is mainly implemented in conjunction with the different subjects and other school activities; however, lessons may also be reserved for guidance.
- Guidance and counselling support pupils in matters such as identifying their strengths and developing their social and teamwork skills.
- The guidance counsellor has the main responsibility for carrying out guidance counselling.
- The task of the guidance is to develop pupils' ability to cope with changing life situations and with the transitions in their studies and future careers.
Guidance is especially important in educational transition points, such as when pupils move to a different school or make choices concerning their studies.
Topics discussed in guidance and counselling
Topics discussed in guidance and counselling include
- study skills and school attendance
- opportunities for further studies
- professions and professional fields
- working life.
If necessary, all pupils receive advice and guidance personally or in small groups in addition to the lessons reserved for guidance and counselling. Furthermore, pupils are guided in the use of different information seeking tools and the guidance and counselling services provided by society.
Pupils who require special support in basic education receive more individual guidance for moving to further studies than other pupils. When guiding pupils, the guidance counsellor works in cooperation with experts from different fields.