The Finnish National Framework for Qualifications (FiNQF) describes the qualifications, syllabi and other extensive competence modules that belong to the Finnish national education system. The FiNQF includes general education, vocational education and higher education.
The qualifications, syllabi and other extensive competence modules are classified into eight levels based on the required competences. The competences acquired at each level are defined in the Government Decree, and the level descriptors are in line with the level requirements of the European qualifications framework.
level 2: Basic education syllabus
level 4: General upper secondary school syllabus and the Matriculation Examination, Upper secondary vocational qualifications and further vocational qualifications, Basic Examination in Prison Services, Fire Fighter Qualification, and Emergency Response Centre Operator Qualification
level 5: Specialist vocational qualifications, the Sub-Officer Qualification (Fire and Rescue Services) and the Vocational Qualification in Air Traffic Control
level 6: Bachelor’s degrees at universities of applied sciences and Bachelor’s degrees at universities
level 7: Master’s degrees at universities of applied sciences and Master’s degrees at universities
level 8: Universities’ and National Defence University scientific and artistic postgraduate degrees (licentiate and doctor degrees), the General Staff Officer’s Degree, the Specialist Degree in Veterinary Medicine, and Specialist training in medicine and Specialist training in dentistry
In the qualifications or competence modules classified at the same level, different dimensions of competences may be emphasised. The qualifications and syllabi that no longer exist in the national qualifications system have not been classified in the qualifications framework.
The education providers indicate in student’s degree certificate, certificate, or Diploma/Certificate Supplement the reference level of the qualification, syllabi or competence module in the national and European qualifications framework.
The Finnish qualifications framework is based on the European Parliament’s and Council’s Recommendation on the European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning (EQF). The Finnish qualifications framework is also in line with the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) qualifications framework.
Provisions on the Finnish National Framework for Qualifications and Other Competence Modules are laid down in Act (93/2017) and Government Decree on the National Framework for Qualifications and Other Competence Modules (120/2017).